Arabic Vocabulary

The Arabic language is very commonly used, with around more than 422 million native speakers around the world, in addition Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims. As Arabic vocabulary is so vast, assigning an exact number to the amount of words it includes is very difficult as Arabic constructs words from basic roots.


Like other Semitic languages, Arabic has a complex and unusual method of constructing words from a basic root. This means that a pattern of three letters such as ‘k-t-b’, will always be the foundation of words that have the semantic field of ‘writing’, such as the work ‘kitaab’ which means ‘a book’ and ‘maktab’ which means ‘a desk or office’ and 'katib' which means writer and'maktaba' which means library…etc., A cursory glance at the English words indicates that all of them are very different. In Arabic all words contain the same three letters, making the words easily recognizable. Using the root system means that direct translation, particularly of poetic texts, is often difficult – the root of a word may contain a meaning that could take a few sentences to translate. However, this can be beneficial, and the beauty of it is that it conveys a depth of both meaning and emotion unmatched by many languages, the root system found within Semitic languages has been described as one of the “great miracles of man’s language"


According to this Arabic has about 12 million words, of course the Arabic speakers don’t use all of them as the vast majority are unused. This is because as a language grows it changes; common words eventually fall out of use to become replaced by newer ones, So you need about 10000 word to be almost like the native speaker and less that this to be a good Arabic speaker.

 


How to master your Arabic vocabulary


Like any other languages, Arabic vocabulary takes time to acquire and needs to be developed in the mind through various exercises. The more words you can master, the quicker you will begin to understand and communicate with other Arabic speakers. The key is to learn the words and phrases which you hear often or those which you think that you might use frequently, and those which will be important to you at work or in your studies.


However, Arabic has a Feature which can be so helpful to the Arabic learner as as Arabic constructs words from basic roots and that make it easy to guess and remember the meanings of different and new words which maybe you hear it or read it for the first time according to the root.


 Also learn to ignore filler phrases like ' Hasanan' and concentrate on the important words instead. Just being able to pick out three or four keywords will help you decipher the meaning of a sentence, even if you cannot make out the entire conversation.


You can practice you’re Arabic pronunciation by using a dictionary or by listening to native speakers, either in real life, on TV or a podcast, don’t rely on guesswork alone because mistakes can quickly become habits. This is a very unpredictable area of the Arabic language and can take months to learn, so set aside 15 or 30 minutes each week for either online exercises or working with a friend.

Social interactions are much easier if you can quickly recognize what a person is saying, the more you surround yourself by people with good Arabic vocabulary the faster you will catch on. Try to resist the temptation to translate every sentence into your native language, it takes too much time and you may lose some of the meaning.


The Arabic method to right will work for you as Arabic unlike a lot of other languages  don’t have a lot off silent letters also it don’t have different pronunciation for similar litters or Sections. So, it's easy to write and read. 


If you are a native speaker of a European language or some of African and Asian language which don’t contain the bilateral system off the long and short vowels you will need to practice for a while to can recognize the difference between.

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