Arabic is one of the most widely spoken international languages in the world. It is considered one of the languages adopted in the United Nations.
It is also the first language in the regions of the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. This widespread of Arabic contributed to making it one of the languages that many seek from students to study, especially non-speaking, in order to identify the beauty of her words.
It is also one of the languages that have maintained their grammar until this time, because it is the language of Islam, Quran, Muslims, However, the Arab culture also is very rich in many kinds of literature, whether literary, scientific, or other, which was written in a fluent Arabic language.
Why the Arabic Language is important?
The Arabic language has got great importance in Arab culture, heritage and literature, aa it considered a part of the Arab civilization. The following points summarize the importance of the Arabic language:
- Arabic is one of the Semitic human languages, which has been preserving its linguistic and grammatical history since ancient times.
- Arabic is the language of many peoples and tribes, such as Thamud, Aad, and others, and this has contributed to its spread in Arabia and the Levant.
- The Arabic language contributes to the rising of many civilizations, especially Europeans, which encouraged the Europeans to learn and understand it’s letters and words.
- Arabic has a linguistic specificity that makes it distinct from other languages, which appear in its statement and the clarity of its vocabulary and words.
- Many linguistic words in Semitic languages use words of the Arabic language, which have contributed to the convergence of Arabic and other international languages.
- Arabic is the language of the Quran, it is a way to understand the legitimate texts.
- learning Arabic is the duty of Muslims to understand the Quran and the Sunnah, and must study the sciences associated with the Arabic language such as grammar and rhetoric, grammar and expressions, and the science of statement and literature.
Arabic language sciences:
At the first of the Islam Era, there was no need to make rules for the Arabic language because Arabs tongue was eloquent in the meanings and statement
When the Islamic conquests began and Islam entered many non-Arabs, there was a lot of vocabulary, corruption in the Arabic tongue, and God-inspired Arab sciences to make laws for Arabic. Which is the language of the Quran, and the preservation of the language is the preservation of religion.
The Arabic language was codified in four sciences are grammar, language, statement, and literature.
It is controlling the end of words according to expression and construction, and according to its position in the sentence. distinguish the verb from the letter, and raised from the position.
When you learn grammar Science you become understood in terms according to its grammar analysis.
The meaning of this science is to reshape words to fit the intended meanings from the talk and neglect this science leads to the miss the right meanings. The creator and entertainer to the Science called: (Abu Aswad Aldoually).
This science talks about Compound speech wich Performs the same function of sentences to give the needed spelling and meaning of the words.
If the speech is consistent with the methods of the Arabs to convey the correct meaning, call it eloquent, if not called prosaic.
The science of literature
It is the Arabs food words in poetry and prose, which is the ability to talk eloquent words and proficiency in poetry and prose.
Methods of Teaching Arabic
- Sounds the way to pronounce the sounds to reach the best way to pronounce the letter clearly.
- Letters learn the letters and all related things like drawing, forms, adjust, how the letters connect to make the word, and what the incorrect forms are.
- Words learn all the words related to formulation and pronunciation, as well as things related to common phrases and words.
- Sentences learn grammar and semantics that link words to be a useful sentence and connect sentences to be text or subject.
Characteristics of the Arabic language
The Arabic language is distinguished from all other international languages by a set of characteristics which is:
A basic characteristic of the Arabic language, where the pronunciation system is considered one of the most important systems of linguistic speech, used tongue, throat, and Larynx in order to pronounce the letters and words based on their sounds, and the sounds in the Arabic language is divided into a group of sections, such as occlusal sounds and Larynx sounds, And others.
It is the words that the Arabic language make from. The linguistic lexicon classified as one of the most linguistic dictionaries rich in vocabulary and structures; it contains more than a million words. The original vocabulary in Arabic is a triple root for other words, as one linguistic root produces many words and vocabulary.
Is the way in which the words of the Arabic language are pronounced, words are pronounced based on the use of some linguistic movements, which called formation.
The pronunciation of every word different from another according to its formation like the movements written on its letters, and also includes the special spelling in the letters, which is learned by everyone who wants to learn Arabic, to make it easier to understand, and deal with its words and sentences correctly.
Is the method associated with vocabulary; it depends on the root words system, which is mostly triple and sometimes becomes quadrant. The Arabic language is distinguished from many other languages by the existence of its own formulas, as we can change words from singular to plural or any other way that the Arabic language used to classify its words.
Is the basis of the sentence in the Arabic language. The Arabic sentences are divided into two types:
The nominal sentence (Al-jumla al-Eismia)
The actual sentence (Al-jumla al-faaliya)
Each of these sentences has grammatical foundations and rules that must be used in writing and formulating them in order to contribute to the transmission of their own ideas.
Grammar in Arabic relies on the use of a set of tools that link sentences; therefore, Arabic is classified as one of the languages that retain its own grammatical system and helps to express its sentences and indicate how they are written.
Challenges facing the Arabic language
There are a number of challenges facing the Arabic language that lead to many obstacles to progress, one of the most important of these challenges:
- The lack of interest of most fields of scientific research in the use of Arabic as a special language in academic and scientific research, which hindered the development.
- The influence of Western languages on the Arabic tongue, especially with the spread of dialects among Arabs, which led to the replacement of many Arabic words with non-Arabic.
Global interest in the Arabic language
Global interest in Arabic began to emerge from the middle of the twentieth century, particularly in 1948, when UNESCO decided to adopt Arabic as its third official language, after English and French. In 1974, the first UNESCO Conference in Arabic was held based on a set of proposals adopted by many Arab countries. This led to the adoption of Arabic as one of the international languages used in international conferences.